Feng Shui – The Spirit of Landforms

There are environmental factors that we need to consider when checking a property or site for Feng Shui compliance. The
external landforms such as rivers, waterways, roads, lakes, hills, mountains or rises in the land does play an important role in
Feng Shui. A property that is aligned with these landforms in the correct location and direction is deemed auspicious and the
people living in such a property will enjoy harmony and prosperity. Likewise, a property that is misaligned in relations to these
landforms is considered inauspicious and residents will suffer misfortune and bad luck.

A property is categorized under three cycles and nine periods based on Feng Shui San Yuan formula. There are the upper cycle,
middle cycle and lower cycle. Each cycle governs three periods and each period last for twenty years. Therefore, a cycle will run
for 60 years before the next cycle takes over.

The current period is known as Period Eight which started in Feb 2004 and will expire in Feb 2024. In this period, there are
certain compass directions a property should comply with based on the Indirect/Direct Spirit Feng Shui Formula as follows:-

Indirect Spirits – Southwest, East, Southeast and North

Direct Spirits – Northeast, West, Northwest and South

The formula specifies that a property should have its front facing the Indirect Spirit and its rear facing the Direct Spirit. The
Indirect Spirit is a compass direction for the location of water in the vicinity whereas the Direct Spirit is a compass direction for
location of hills and mountains in the distance.

For instance, if the front of a property is facing a lake or river in the Southwest and has its rear looking towards a mountain in the
Northeast, it is said to comply with the Indirect/Direct Spirit Formula. The property can tap into the auspicious energies which
bring health, relationship and money luck to the residents. On the other hand, a property which faces a mountain in front with its
rear end pointing towards a lake is said to violate the Indirect/Direct Spirit Formula. Residents will not enjoy good luck and tend
to face obstacles and challenges in their life.  

This is only one of the fundamental factors in Feng Shui with regards to landforms. It is a matter of Yin and Yang. Yang relates to
the Indirect Spirit and Yin the Direct Spirit. Ideally, a property should face Yang and sits Yin. Yang is the side of the property where
there is most noise, activity and brightness whereas Yin is the side of the property where there is peace, stillness and dimness.
Likewise, water is Yang and mountain is Yin. When water and mountain are at their correct compass directions in relations to a
property based on the Indirect/Direct Spirit formula, Yin and Yang is said to be in balance.

Apart from the above formula, there are other Feng Shui formulas which relates to the interior of a property, namely Flying Stars
and Eight Mansion, to name the more popular ones. These Feng Shui formulas allow residents to map out the energy
distribution within a property based on the facing direction (Flying Stars) and sitting direction (Eight Mansion) respectively. It is
equally important that a person’s date and time of birth be taken into consideration so that the energy of the property is correctly
aligned with the resident’s energy or life force.  In Chinese Astrology known as Four Pillars of Destiny, a property with good Feng
Shui can help to enhance or mitigate the effects of any positive or negative luck cycles a person is going through in order to live
a happy and successful life.
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